As you probably know, rats are considered responsible for the Black Death during the Middle Ages, the largest pandemic of the fourteenth century, whose mortality ended with almost 60% of Europeans. In fact, it is estimated that 50% of Europe's 80 million people died because of the Black Death.
Nowadays, fortunately, the risks are not so high. However, we should not forget that rats and mice are still transmitters of serious diseases and that, therefore, an infestation of rats can cause very negative effects to human health. Some of the most serious diseases that they can transmit are:
- Hantavirus: The first symptoms of Hantavirus are basically muscle aches and fever. However, the primary symptom is the breathing difficulty, which is due to the accumulation of fluids in the lungs. That is why, at first, it can be confused with pneumonia or asthma. This virus is capable of causing two conditions in the patients: a type of viral hemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome or hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. It is considered as a biosecurity risk virus No. 4.
- Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a disease transmitted through the urine of rodents. The symptoms that presents are similar to those of a flu: high fever, chills, sweating, etc. When the virus turns to a second phase (occurs in some cases), it presents a greater severity and it is called "Disease of Weil, getting to produce renal manifestations, blood in the urine and even can put to risk the life of the people.
- Toxoplasmosis: Toxoplasmosis is a disease that is transmitted through the feces of rats and is capable of causing mild and symptomatic infections and fatal infections that can affect fetuses, newborns and vulnerable people such as the elderly. Cysts may be present in the tissues due to chronic infections.
- Trichinosis: Trichinosis is also transmitted through the excrements of rodents and is a parasitic disease that attacks mammals and can be transmitted to people. The most common symptoms are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, moderate fever and abdominal pain. When this infection is severe it can even cause death.
Mice are transmitters of approximately 26 serious diseases that may endanger the health of humans. That is why, if you suspect that you may have rats or mice living in your home or workplace, it is very important that you don't let time pass and fix it as soon as possible with a device that can solve the problem both in the short and long term.